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Original Preamble to the Constitution of India
Original Preamble to the Constitution of India

Preamble to the Constitution of India

What is Preamble?

Preamble is a brief introductory statement that states the aims and objectives of the constitution. Accordingly, the Preamble states the purpose, aim, and objective of the Constitution of India.

Who designed and decorated the original Preamble to the Constitution of India page?

The Preamble page, along with other pages of the original Constitution of India, was designed and decorated solely by renowned painter Deodhar Rammanohar Sinha of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. Therefore the page bears Deodhar Rammanohar Sinha’s short signature Ram in Devanagari lower-right corner of the original Preamble page.

Original Preamble:

[dropcap_1 color=””]W[/dropcap_1]E, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY, of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

Original Preamble to the Constitution of India
Original Preamble to the Constitution of India

Amended Preamble:

On 18 December 1976, during the Emergency in India, the then Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi government pushed through several changes in the Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India. A committee under the chairmanship of Sardar Swarn Singh recommended that this amendment be enacted after being constituted to study the question of amending the constitution in the light of past experience. Through this amendment the words “SOCIALIST” and “SECULAR” were added between the words “SOVEREIGN” and “DEMOCRATIC” and the phrase “unity of the Nation” was changed to “unity and integrity of the Nation”.

[dropcap_1 color=””]W[/dropcap_1]E, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY, of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.

What does Preamble signify?

The Preamble to the Constitution of India signifies that

  • the democratic principle that power ultimately rests in the hands of the people;
  • the constitution is made by and for the Indian people and is not given to them by any outside power (such as the British Parliament).

Other facts related to the Preamble:

  • The wording in the Constitution is close to the Preamble to the constitution, which had been adopted in 1937. It reads

“We, the people of India … Do hereby adopt, enact, and give to ourselves this Constitution”.

  • The Preamble resembles Preamble of the US Constitution.

“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

  • The phrase “we the people” emphasizes upon the concept of popular sovereignty as laid down by J.J. Rousseau. All the power emanates from the people and the political system will be accountable and responsible to the people.

Is the Preamble part of the Constitution?

That the preamble is not an integral part of the Indian constitution was first decided upon by the Supreme Court of India in the BeruBari case; therefore it is not enforceable in a court of law. However, the Supreme Court of India has, in the Kesavananda case, recognised that the preamble may be used to interpret ambiguous areas of the constitution where differing interpretations present themselves. In the 1995 case of Union Government Vs LIC of India also the Supreme Court has once again held that the Preamble is an integral part of the Constitution.

Meaning and description of each words in the Constitution

Sovereign:

The word sovereign means supreme or independence. India is internally and externally sovereign – externally free from the control of any foreign power and internally, it has a free government which is directly elected by the people and makes laws that govern the people. She allies in peace and war. The Popular sovereignty is also one of the basic structures of constitution of India. Hence, Citizens of India also enjoy sovereign power to elect their representatives in elections held for parliament, state legislature and local bodies as well. People have supreme right to make decisions on internal as well as external matters. No external power can dictate the government of India.All the people are free in a limit to do their work in their own opinion.

Socialist

The word socialist was added to the Preamble by the Forty-second Amendment during the Emergency in 1976. It implies social and economic equality.

Social equality in this context means the absence of discrimination on the grounds only of caste, colour, creed, sex, religion, or language. Under social equality, everyone has equal status and opportunities.

Economic equality in this context means that the government will endeavor to make the distribution of wealth more equal and provide a decent standard of living for all. This is in effect emphasized a commitment towards the formation of a welfare state. India has adopted a socialistic and mixed economy and the government has framed many laws to achieve the aim.

Secular

The word secular was added to the Preamble by the Forty-second Amendment during the Emergency in 1976. Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion, and there is no official religion. The Government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect and honor.

Democratic

The first part of the preamble “We, the people of India” and, its last part “give to ourselves this Constitution” clearly indicate the democratic spirit involved even in the Constitution. India is a democracy. The people of India elect their governments at all levels (Union, State and local) by a system of universal adult franchise; popularly known as “one man one vote”. Every citizen of India, who is 18 years of age and above and not otherwise debarred by law, is entitled to vote. Every citizen enjoys this right without any discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, colour, sex, religion or education.

Republic

As opposed to a monarchy, in which the head of state is appointed on hereditary basis for a lifetime or until he abdicates from the throne, a democratic republic is an entity in which the head of state is elected, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure. The President of India is elected by an electoral college for a term of five years. The post of the President Of India is not hereditary. Every single citizen of India is eligible to become the President of the country. The leaders of the state and local bodies are also elected by the people in similar manner.

 

[For more detail on Indian Polity visit website http://india.gov.in/]

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2 comments

  1. sir,plz hindi mein uplode kar do preamble

  2. Thank you very much sir. This is very helpful.

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